Prevention of Accidental Injuries

Prevention of Accidental Injuries - I

Accidental injuries are unintentional physical damage to the body or its parts as a result of an external force. A child may get hurt and subsequently die by suffocation, fires, sudden falls, poisoning, drowning, or crashing of a bicycle or a motor vehicle. These causes of physical trauma in a child can be prevented by modification of the child’s surrounding environment and the focus of parents. This includes some safety practices such as keeping away poisons/drugs and lighters/ matches from child’s reach (to avoid poisoning and sudden fires); wearing seat belts and safety helmets (to prevent injury from motor crashes); building long fences around the swimming pool along with proper child handling (to prevent drowning); and use of stair gates (to prevent falling).

Small measures can help to prevent accidents and injuries in small kids:

  • Always make wear child-proof caps on medicines and household poisons
  • Make child wear harness on car seats
  • Pedestrian skills training
  • Make them wear helmets while riding a bicycle
  • Swimming under close supervision in pools for children
  • Using hot water under the supervision
  • Removal of firearms from homes
  • Keep electronic devices away from kids
  • Always keep a check what the chic is watching on television or mobiles
  • Keep them away from kitchen stoves, heaters, and other heavy electronics

Prevention of Injuries/Accidents – II (Road Rules)

Child safety and security are very important to prevent road injuries. This can be achieved by keeping the child’s environment accident-proof and teaching school children all road safety rules. Many road accidents have been witnessed by young children (from newborns to teenagers) and some cases can even lead to sudden death. Bicycle crashes are often experienced by school-aged children who have started learning to ride a bicycle or those who are unaware of road traffic rules. Children can prevent head injury by wearing safety helmets while riding bicycle, skates, skateboard, or a motorcycle. A lifesaver strategy to prevent unintentional road injuries caused by motor vehicle crashes includes bucking up a child at the back seat using proper car seat belts or a booster seat.

One must follow these habits to avoid any accidental injury:

  • Make them learn to obey Traffic Rules
  • Parents must also follow road Traffic Rules
  • Do not drive without a helmet to drop your child at school
  • Do not triple ride on a scooter with a child in front
  • Do not drive without fastening the seat belt
  • Stop at red lights
  • Cross the road only at zebra crossings
  • Do not drink and drive
  • Avoid over speeding